TENSES

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TENSES

Post  Vincent Law on Fri Sep 28, 2012 11:03 am

TENSES - Verb Tense Overview with Examples:

Verb tenses are tools that English speakers use to express time in their language. You may find that many English tenses do not have direct translations in your language. That is not a problem.

Simple Present:
"I study English every day."

Simple Past:
"Two years ago, I studied English in England."

Simple Future:
"If you are having problems, I will help you study English."
"I am going to study English next year."


Present Continuous:
"I am studying English now."

Past Continuous:
"I was studying English when you called yesterday."

Future Continuous:
"I will be studying English when you arrive tonight."
"I am going to be studying English when you arrive tonight."


Present Perfect:
"I have studied English in several different countries."

Past Perfect:
"I had studied a little English before I moved to the U.S."

Future Perfect:
"I will have studied every tense by the time I finish this course."
"I am going to have studied every tense by the time I finish this course."


Present Perfect Continuous:
"I have been studying English for five years."

Past Perfect Continuous:
"I had been studying English for five years before I moved to the U.S."

Future Perfect Continuous:
"I will have been studying English for over two hours by the time you arrive."
"I am going to have been studying English for over two hours by the time you arrive."



http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/verbtenseintro.html
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Re: TENSES

Post  Vincent Law on Fri Dec 28, 2012 1:59 pm

- English has 12 verb tenses.
- The action of the verb can be in the past, present or future.
- Each tense has its own formula and structure and word clues to help identify what kind of action is occurring.


- Simple tenses occur either in a single moment, or as a repeated, habitual action.

The simple past is formed by changing the verb in one of these two ways: either adding ‘ed’ to the end or using the past form of the verb.

- A continuous or progressive tense (often referred to as the gerund) happens over a period of time. This tense is always formed with a form of the verb ‘to be’, the main verb and the ending ‘-ing’. Thus the formula could be written like this: (subject) + (be) + (main verb) + -ing.

- The perfect tense is used to compare actions or when the time of the action is not clear. This tense is always formed with the verb ‘have’ and a special part of the main verb in the past called the ‘past participle’. The formula would be: (subject) + (have) + (past participle of the main verb).

- The perfect continuous or progressive tense is when we are thinking of an action that has happened over time in the past, before another action, or an action that begins in the past and continues into the present or future. It is always formed by combining the formulas of the continuous and perfect tenses: (subject) + (have) + been + -ing.

If time was a line, then all the tenses would look something like this:


Have a look at the chart below to help you.


http://www.emagister.com/curso-grammar-business-english-gramatica-ingles/verb-tenses-tiempos-verbales-ingles
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Re: TENSES

Post  Vincent Law on Sun Jan 27, 2013 1:41 pm

- PRESENT (main verb)
"I study English."
"He studies English."


- PAST
(past tense of main verb)
"I studied English."
"He studied English."


- FUTURE (will or shall + main verb)
"I will study English."
"He will study English."


- PRESENT PERFECT (have or has + past participle of verb)
"I have studied English."
"He has studied English."


- PAST PERFECT (had + past participle of verb)
"I had studied English."
"He had studied English."


- FUTURE PERFECT (will or shall + have + past participle of verb)
"I will have studied English."
"He will have studied English."


- PRESENT PROGRESSIVE (form of "be" verb + "ing" form of main verb)
"I am studying English."
"He is studying English."


- PAST PROGRESSIVE (past tense of form "be" verb + "ing" form of main verb)
"I was studying English."
"He was studying English."


- FUTURE PROGRESSIVE (will or shall +be + "ing" form of main verb)
"I will be studying English."
"He will be studying English."


- PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE (have or has + been + "ing" form of main verb)
"I have been studying English."
"He has been studying English."


-PAST PERFECT PROGRESSIVE (had + been + "ing" form of main verb)
"I had been studying English."
"He had been studying English."


- FUTURE PERFECT PROGRESSIVE (will or shall + have + been + "ing" form of main verb)
"I will have been studying English."
"He will have been studying English."



http://utminers.utep.edu/micontreras/12%20verb%20tenses.htm
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Re: TENSES

Post  Vincent Law on Tue Sep 03, 2013 5:11 am

All the English tenses: timeline
I have produced a timeline to demonstrate the 12 basic tenses in English language. These are the most common grammatical forms for expressing time in English. The final book will discuss these tenses in detail with illustrative examples, but this diagram gives a simple summary of when each tense should be used.

The tenses listed are, with examples
:

- Past perfect continuous: an action that happened before a certain time in the past, to show duration.
For example: "I had been going to school for a year when it was closed."

- Past perfect: an action that happened before another event in the past.
For example: "I had washed the car before it rained."

- Past continuous: an action that happened at a specific point in the past.
For example: "I was washing the car when it rained."

- Past simple: an action that happened in the past.
For example: "I went to school."

- Present perfect continuous:
an action still continuing from the past to the present.
For example: "I have been learning English for three years."

- Present perfect: an action started in the past that has been completed in, or has relevance to, the present.
For example: "I have already studied the tenses today."

- Present continuous: an action occurring now.
For example: "I am studying."

- Present simple: a general ongoing, regular or scheduled activity.
For example: "I take English classes every Monday."

- Future perfect continuous: an action at a certain point in the future, expressing duration.
For example: "I will have been studying English for three years this summer."

- Future perfect: an action that finishes in the future, before or at the time of another future action.
For example: "I will have learned all the tenses by tomorrow."

- Future continuous: an action occurring at a specific point in the future.
For example: "I will be fishing this time next week."

- Future simple: an action to be completed in the future.
For example: "I will go to the cinema."


http://www.englishlessonsbrighton.co.uk/all-english-tenses-timeline-infographic/
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