GRAMMAR - Conjunctive Adverbs

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GRAMMAR - Conjunctive Adverbs

Post  Vincent Law on Wed Nov 07, 2012 3:39 am

Conjunctive adverbs are words that join independent clauses into one sentence. A conjunctive adverb helps you create a shorter sentence.

When you use a conjunctive adverb, put a semicolon (;) before it and a comma (,) after it.

"We have many different sizes of this shirt; however, it comes in only one color."

Some examples of conjunctive adverbs are: accordingly, also, besides, consequently, finally, however, indeed, instead, likewise, meanwhile, moreover, nevertheless, next, otherwise, still, therefore, then, etc.

"The due date for the final paper has passed; therefore, I could not submit mine on time."
"There are many history books; however, none of them may be accurate."
"It rained hard; moreover, lightening flashed and thunder boomed."
"The baby fell asleep; then, the doorbell rang."
"The law does not permit drinking and driving anytime; otherwise, there would be many more accidents."

Conjunctive adverbs look like coordinating conjunctions (and, but, or, so, for, yet, nor); however, they are not as strong as coordinating conjunctions and they are punctuated differently.

A conjunctive adverb is also used in a single main clause. In this case, a comma (,) is used to separate the conjunctive adverb from the sentence.

"I woke up very late this morning. Nevertheless, I wasn’t late to school."
" She didn’t take a bus to work today. Instead, she drove her car."
"Jack wants a toy car for his birthday. Meanwhile, Jill wants a dollhouse for her birthday."
"They returned home. Likewise, I went home."
Vincent Law
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