Comparative and Superlatives for Beginners

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Comparative and Superlatives for Beginners

Post  Vincent Law on Thu Jan 17, 2013 5:45 pm


We use the comparative and superlative form to compare and contrast different objects in English. Use the comparative form to show the difference between two objects.
Example: "New York is more exciting than Seattle." Use the superlative form when speaking about three or more objects to show which object is 'the most' of something. Example: "New York is the most exciting city in the USA."


COMPARATIVE FORM:
+ One Syllable Adjectives:
add '-er' to end of the adjective (Note: double the final consonant if preceded by a vowel) remove the 'y' from the adjective and add 'ier'

Example: cheap - cheaper / hot - hotter / high - higher

Example Sentences:
"Yesterday was hotter than today."
"This book is cheaper than that book."


+ Two Syllable Adjectives Ending in '-y':

Example: happy - happier / funny - funnier

Example Sentences:
"I am happier than you."
"That joke was funnier than his joke."


+ Two, Three or More Syllable Adjectives:
Place 'more' before the adjective.

Example: interesting - more interesting / difficult - more difficult

Example Sentences:
"London is more expensive than Madrid."
"This test is more difficult than the last test."



SUPERLATIVE FORM:
+ One Syllable Adjectives:
Place 'the' before the adjective and add '-est' to end of the adjective (Note: double the final consonant if preceded by a vowel)

Example: cheap - the cheapest / hot - the hottest / high - the highest

Example Sentences:
"Today is the hottest day of the summer."
"This book is the cheapest I can find."


+ Two, Three or More Syllable Adjectives:
Place 'the most' before the adjective

Example: interesting - the most interesting / difficult - the most difficult

Example Sentences:
"London is the most expensive city in England."
"That is the most beautiful painting here."


+ Two Syllable Adjectives Ending in '-y' place 'the' before the adjective and remove the 'y' from the adjective and add 'iest'.

Example: happy - the happiest / funny - the funniest

Example Sentences:
"New York is the noisiest city in the USA."
"He is the most important person I know."



+ IMPORTANT EXCEPTIONS:
There are some important exceptions to these rules. Here are two of the most important exceptions:

- good:
good - adjective
better - comparative
the best - superlative


Example Sentences:
"This book is better than that one."
"This is the best school in the city."


- bad:
bad - adjective
worse - comparative
the worst - superlative


Example Sentences:
"His French is worse than mine."
"This is the worst day of my life."


http://esl.about.com/cs/beginner/a/beg_compsup.htm
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Vincent Law
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Re: Comparative and Superlatives for Beginners

Post  Vincent Law on Thu Jan 17, 2013 6:12 pm

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king of love

Post  Romeo Paris on Thu Jan 17, 2013 6:22 pm

Hello that is really nice.this is more interesting

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Re: Comparative and Superlatives for Beginners

Post  Vincent Law on Fri Oct 04, 2013 2:13 pm

I will try to upload more if you are interested Very Happy
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